Category Archives: Epistemology

Minds and Brains: Justification for Immaterialism about the Mind

I have made this point a few times in various discussions, but I’d like to make it here again. Often the Naturalist will argue that we have never observed minds without brains. For every mind we observe, we observe a … Continue reading

Posted in Empiricism, Epistemology, Naturalism, Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind | Tagged , , , , , | 5 Comments

Rawls is a coherentist about political justification

Here’s an interesting quote from Rawls: A conception of Justice cannot be deduced from self-evident premises or conditions on principles; instead, its justification is a matter of the mutual support of many considerations, of everything fitting together into one coherent view. ~A … Continue reading

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The Resurrection Probability Calculus

Dr. William Lane Craig has spoken about the probability of the resurrection, arguing that it is considerably high, and has championed an argument for God’s existence from the resurrection. According to him, in answer to the question of what the … Continue reading

Posted in Apologetics, Epistemology, Natural Theology, Philosophy | Tagged , | 11 Comments

A demarcation principle for Miracles

Randal Rauser has proposed that we may be able to use a design filter as an epistemic tool for identifying miracles. What he means by a design filter here is really just an adaptation of William Dembski’s notion of ‘specified … Continue reading

Posted in Apologetics, Epistemology, Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Theology | 10 Comments

Contradictions, Consistency and Coherence

Everything follows from a contradiction, including, of course, a contradiction. However, consider the following scenario. Bill has 50,000 beliefs, only two of which are contradictory (i.e., he has no more than one belief which can’t be squared away with the … Continue reading

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Does Proper Basicality Permit an Implicit Inductive Argument?

Plantinga writes: I argue that the reformed rejection of natural theology is best construed as an inchoate and unfocused rejection of classical foundationalism. What these Re-formed thinkers really mean to hold, I think, is that belief in God need not … Continue reading

Posted in Epistemology, Natural Theology, Theology | Tagged , , | 1 Comment

Skepticism, Math and Memory

Descartes thinks to himself “I’ve done plenty of math in my time, and though most of the time I do it very well, I have often made mistakes, miscalculations. Sometimes I’ve even been sure, upon reviewing my work, that I … Continue reading

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Sophisticated Religious Pluralism Implies Semiotic Equivalence

The Religious Pluralist is often accused of equivocation when she suggests that there is no meaningful or relevant difference between various religious creeds and systems of doctrine. People want to say that there is, however, clearly a semantic difference between … Continue reading

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A Third Way to maintain rationally justified belief in God’s existence without any evidence.

In my previous post I argued that there may be a way to maintain justified belief in God’s existence, without any evidence, without maintaining that God’s existence is itself properly basic. If I’m right in principle, then that gives us … Continue reading

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Inferring God’s existence without any evidence.

A belief is properly basic if it is universally sanctioned. A properly basic belief is a belief which we are justified in maintaining in the absence of evidence, and which, in the absence of a defeater, we would be unjustified … Continue reading

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