We often say that Knowledge has no causal relation with that which is known, by which we mean that my knowing some truth does nothing to contribute to the explanation of why it is true. However, clearly there is some connection between knowledge and that which is known. For instance, to believe something which isn’t true, however sincerely it is believed, is not to ‘know’ something, since knowledge requires that what is ‘known’ is true. A subject S knows P if and only if:
- S believes P
- P is true
- S has a justified belief that P is true
Therefore, clearly, P has some causal relation to knowledge, even if knowledge does not have any causal relation to P.
Compare that to the statement of Thomas Aquinas that the world has real relations to God, but God does not have real relations to the world. If the first is an analogue for the second then it is a good example which can be used in order to purchase plausibility for the too often too quickly dismissed Thomistic position that God is not ‘really’ related to the world.