Monthly Archives: January 2013

Considering an argument against moral facts

I stumbled upon the following argument a few moments ago, against the possibility of being justified in believing in moral facts. (1) We’re justified in believing in some fact only if it plays a role in the explanation of our … Continue reading

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Efficient causes from the future, and Teleological causes

A short thought: I think that efficient causes are sometimes misunderstood by modern thinkers to be identified with the kind of causation which early modern thinkers bequeathed to us, though they got rid of Aristotle’s other three kinds (Formal, Material, … Continue reading

Posted in Causation, Metaphysics, Philosophy | 9 Comments

Augustine on Skepticism

One of Augustine of Hippo’s writings which is under-appreciated is his Contra Academicos,  which he wrote before his Baptism, though he was preparing to receive Baptism from St. Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, when writing it. As I’m reading through it for … Continue reading

Posted in Epistemology, Patristics | Tagged , | 14 Comments

The Church is Holy

In the Nicene Creed which Catholics recite the Church is described by four adjectives: One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic. Though Protestants have been known to take issue with any one of them, the one which seems the easiest to challenge … Continue reading

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Gender-Specific Apologetics?

Helen de Cruz, a philosopher whose specialization is in philosophy of Religion, Naturalized Epistemology, Cognitive Science and the intersection(s) thereof, has found, in a survey she conducted, the following interesting information: Women rate the ontological argument and the pragmatic argument … Continue reading

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Theism in Philosophy of Religion

I have made a point of saying a number of times that about 1/6 professional philosophers are theists (which is a significant minority given that the number of theists merely one generation ago, in philosophy, was so low as to … Continue reading

Posted in Apologetics, Miscellaneous, Natural Theology, Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion | Tagged | 9 Comments

Fine-Tuning argument for Naturalism

Robert Oerter has offered an argument I recently ran across, according to which the popularly cited Fine-Tuning argument for the existence of God can be construed as an even stronger argument for Naturalism (he offers it in jest, though, only … Continue reading

Posted in Apologetics, Natural Theology, Naturalism, Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion | Tagged | 23 Comments

Aristotle – on whether the soul can survive death

Although Aristotle seems to end his investigation of the soul with the conclusion that men do not have individual souls in the same way as they have individual bodies (each individual man being an individuated substance by reason of being … Continue reading

Posted in Apologetics, Free Will, Metaphysics, Philosophical Theology, Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Religion, Rationalism | Tagged , | 3 Comments

Augustine on Lying

I was casually browsing through Augustine’s Enchiridon this morning, only to stumble across this fascinating passage (I will likely want to refer back to it in future posts not yet past the ‘rough-draft’ stage). Enjoy. For the liar does not think that he … Continue reading

Posted in Apologetics, Ethics, Miscellaneous, Philosophy | Tagged , | 4 Comments

God’s knowledge of the unreal future? – Part 2

In reflection on the argument I presented earlier concerning whether the A-theorist who believes that God knows all truths about the future (and who is a libertarian) could accept the PSR, perhaps the A-theorist has another problem. [Edit: alternatively, if … Continue reading

Posted in Correspondence Theory, Epistemology, Language, Modality, Philosophical Theology, Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Time | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment